In investment engineering and consulting, feasibility studies are vital, particularly for large-scale projects. They provide expert analysis, assessing the financial viability of a project and identifying its advantages and disadvantages. By identifying project risks, this document improves the success of investments. A well-written feasibility analysis directs resource allocation in investment engineering, averting imprudent decisions.

BMS Auditing has a versatile exposure to feasibility assessments covering a broad range of industries, including mining and energy, and offers comprehensive services. Having a highly skilled group of professionals capable of managing a large clientele, BMS guarantees you dependability and a meticulous approach for its professional work.

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Objectives and Phases of Feasibility Studies

Primary Objective

The central aim of conducting a feasibility study for large-scale investment projects is to perform a comprehensive analysis of the facility, assessing its viability in terms of both construction and operation.

Analytical Dimensions

1. Legal and Organizational Aspects

Valuation of the project's legal and organizational landscape to ensure compliance with regulations and establish an effective structure.

2. Technical Assessment

Evaluation of technical feasibility to determine the project's practicality and adherence to industry standards.

3. Economic and Financial Analysis

Comprehensive review of economic and financial aspects to gauge the project's profitability and financial sustainability.

4. Environmental Compliance

Assessment of the project's alignment with environmental standards, addressing potential ecological impacts.

Planning and Team Formation

1. Schedule and Budgeting

Development of a detailed schedule and budget to guide the project's execution, ensuring effective resource allocation.

2. Project Team Composition

Identification and formation of a multidisciplinary project team, comprising specialists from various fields to address the project's interdisciplinary complexity.

Risk Mitigation Strategies

1. Pre-feasibility Studies

For expensive and high-risk projects, a preliminary analysis, or pre-feasibility study, is often conducted. This proactive step aims to identify potential risks early on, reducing unexpected costs during the primary stages of the comprehensive study.

2. Early Risk Identification

Utilization of simple yet effective methods by an experienced financial team to identify risks at an early stage, allowing for the timely recognition of project viability or potential challenges.

Importance of a Comprehensive Feasibility Study

A well-executed feasibility study serves as a crucial safeguard against approving and funding unrealistic or irrational projects, significantly minimizing associated risks. The collaboration of financial, legal, and engineering teams in the analysis of an investment project is pivotal to either substantiate or refute the viability of the enterprise. This process also entails defining the financial and organizational structure, strategically minimizing risks throughout the project's implementation stages.

General Goals of a Project Feasibility Study

  1. Estimation of Facility Scale and Technical Parameters: Assessing the size and key technical specifications of the facility under consideration.
  2. Calculation of Investment and Operating Costs: Determining initial investment and ongoing operational costs at various project stages.
  3. Development of Project Cost Schedule:Defining a cost schedule that facilitates rational funding planning and source selection.
  4. Justification of Feasibility: Providing rationale for the economic, commercial, social, or environmental feasibility of the analyzed investment.
  5. Risk and Constraint Analysis: Identifying and mitigating construction and operational risks and uncertainties associated with the project.
  6. Comparison and Selection of Implementation Methods: Evaluating and choosing the most suitable methods for project execution.

Key Benefits of a Feasibility Study

  1. Comprehensive Recommendations: Ensuring completeness and validity of recommendations, mitigating the risk of overlooking crucial project aspects.
  2. Informed Decision-Making: Allowing businesses to make informed choices regarding the optimal implementation option, involving a diverse team of independent experts and stakeholders.

Challenges Associated with Feasibility Studies

  1. Complexity and Time: The complexity, lengthy execution time, and high cost pose challenges, potentially leading to insufficient pre-project analysis.
  2. Risk of Unjustified Savings: Emphasizing the importance of sponsors and project participants understanding that cutting corners during this stage may result in significant losses in subsequent phases.

Feasibility Study Phases: Comprehensive Analysis

A standard feasibility study comprises distinct segments, each dissecting the project from various perspectives. These encompass technical, economic, financial, organizational, and other critical aspects.

The technical component delves into existing and potential engineering challenges, pivotal in achieving project goals. The underlying logic involves proposing engineering solutions that address identified issues faced by participants and partners. Subsequently, project goals are established, exploring technical and organizational alternatives in-depth. Once a project option is selected, a detailed implementation schedule is formulated.

A matrix illustrating the intervention mechanism of the project into the current business or social environment is employed to describe the technical feasibility. This matrix also highlights ways and specific tools supporting the project during its operational phase, extending beyond the investment phase.

Organizational feasibility gauges the implementing institution's capability to effectively navigate the investment process. This facet of the feasibility study scrutinizes organizational and legal risks threatening project implementation, along with the project's impact on the environment or community.

In summary, a comprehensive feasibility study involves a meticulous examination of technical, economic, financial, and organizational dimensions. The process includes proposing solutions, setting goals, evaluating options, and creating a detailed implementation plan. The study's matrices and analyses provide a robust foundation for sound decision-making in the complex landscape of large investment projects.

Financial and Economic Analysis in Feasibility Studies: Ensuring Project Viability

  1. Initial Evaluation of Investment Costs: Conducting a preliminary assessment of investment costs and establishing a schedule for their implementation.
  2. Financing Sources Identification: Identifying sources of financing for investment costs, specifying the proportion of participant equity, loans, subsidies, etc.
  3. Investor Financial Position Assessment: Evaluating the financial standing of investors to gauge their capacity to meet financial obligations and sustain the project during operational stages.
  4. Detailed Financial Project Analysis: Performing an in-depth financial analysis, including revenue and operating cost calculations throughout the expected useful life.
  5. Cash Flow Statement Preparation: Crafting a comprehensive cash flow statement for both investment and operational phases, ensuring ongoing financial liquidity.
  6. Forecasting Financial Indicators: Predicting the development of financial metrics such as Financial Net Present Value (FNPV) and Financial Internal Rate of Return (FRR).
  7. Economic Analysis Inclusion: Considering economic benefits the project will generate in the socio-economic context, and calculating baseline Economic Net Present Value (ENPV), Economic Rate of Return (ERR), Benefit-Cost Ratio (B/C), and others.
  8. Sensitivity Analysis: Assessing project sensitivity to key parameter changes, including investment and operating costs, and identifying associated risks.
  9. Assurance of Financial Sustainability: Verifying that allocated financial resources are adequate to cover all expenses throughout the reporting period, ensuring financial stability.
  10. Cumulative Net Cash Flow Check: Confirming financial viability by ensuring that cumulative net cash flow remains non-negative in all analyzed periods.

In essence, the financial analysis focuses on return on investment and net present value, alongside scrutinizing the financial sustainability of both the project and its stakeholders. Meanwhile, economic analysis centers on assessing benefits for project participants, utilizing parameters derived from the financial analysis within the feasibility study framework.

BMS Auditing: Pioneering Comprehensive Feasibility Studies for Strategic Investment Decisions.

BMS Auditing's expertise in feasibility studies spans industries, analyzing project viability with legal, technical, and environmental considerations. Our proactive risk mitigation and multidisciplinary approach ensure client success. By facilitating collaboration among financial, legal, and engineering teams, we contribute to informed decision-making and project realization. Contact us today to start your journey towards success.

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